Nigeria’s central bank has blocked access to foreign exchange for corn imports as it seeks to boost local farming output, even though the move is expected to add to already soaring food inflation.
All authorized dealers must immediately stop processing requests for hard currency used for importing corn, the central bank said Monday in a statement on its website.
The announcement is the latest effort by the central bank to shore up local agriculture and manufacturing in an economy that imports fuel, food and raw material for factories. The drop in the price of oil, which accounts for about 90% of Nigeria’s foreign-exchange earnings, means that hard-currency inflows have dried up, putting pressure on the naira and making inward shipments even more expensive.
The halt announced Monday is to “increase local production, stimulate a rapid economic recovery, safeguard rural livelihoods and increase jobs” that were lost due to the coronavirus pandemic, the central bank said. However, a move last year to shut Nigeria’s land borders with its neighbours to curb the smuggling of rice, and later to restrict trade of all goods in an effort to bolster local production, resulted in shortages and price increases.
Despite being Africa’s largest producer of corn, Nigeria imports about 400,000 tons each year to meet demand, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Brewers and poultry farmers who use corn as input and feed will be hurt by the ban, Muda Yusuf, director general of the Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry, said by phone.
“We have some big poultry farms in the past that got waivers from central bank to import maize for their feed mills,” he said. “There will be a price to pay for this kind of thing. There may be short-term disruptions like scarcity.”
The West African nation’s system of multiple exchange rates means that some importers will still access dollars on the parallel market, though at a much higher rate. That could further push up the price of corn, adding to food inflation that’s already at a two-year high of 15%.
“You can expect prices to shoot up,” said Ahmed Jinad, an analyst at Meristem Securities in Lagos. “I don’t think this is a good time to put this policy in place.”
Nigeria’s inflation rate has been above the target range of 6% to 9% for five years and a report on Wednesday will probably show it accelerated to 12.7% in June, according to the median of three economists’ estimates in a Bloomberg survey.
The rising level of inflation makes it difficult for the central bank to cut borrowing costs to boost the economy and the monetary policy committee unexpectedly cut its benchmark rate for the first time in more than four years in May.