Africa is well equipped to develop large-scale green hydrogen projects owing to the continent’s significant renewable energy potential and high quantity of platinum group metals (PGM) – South Africa alone holds approximately 90% of the world’s PGM reserves.
According to global market intelligence firm, Rystad Energy, eager to leverage this potential, an electrolyzer pipeline of 114 GW has been announced for the continent, 61% of which (70 GW) is earmarked for the sub-Saharan African region.
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Mauritania Pursues Green Hydrogen Megaproject
Mauritania has emerged as a highly attractive green hydrogen market owing to existing infrastructure such as the deepwater port of Nouadhibou as well as its location to European markets. The country is home to the continent’s biggest green hydrogen development, the 1.7 million ton per annum (mtpa) Aman project, developed by renewable project developer CWP Global at a cost of $40 billion with a 15 GW electrolyzer and powered by 30 GW of solar and wind. Other major developments in the country include the 1.2 mtpa Nour Electrolyzer project and the 1.36 mtpa Masdar-Infinity-Conjuncta green hydrogen project, with a potential to reach up to 10 GW of electrolysis each.
Namibian Green Hydrogen Takes Off
Namibia is well on its way to become a green hydrogen economy, largely due to major developments taking off. Key projects include the 3 GW Tsau Khaeb project developed by HYPHEN Hydrogen Energy, with a production capacity of 300,000 tons per annum (tpa) at a cost of $9.4 billion, as well as the 2.5 GW Tumoneni project; the 42 MW Daures Green Hydrogen Village project and the 50 MW Swakopmund project. The country is also targeting the development of three hydrogen valleys in Kharas, Walvis Bay port and Kunene.
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South Africa Drives Project Developments
Similar to Namibia, South Africa is well positioned to become a green hydrogen economy, with a series of projects already underway. Key projects include a 780,000 tpa Green Ammonia Plant developed by Hive Hydrogen at a cost of $4.6 billion and a €15 million subsidy from Germany for the HySHiFT renewable hydrogen project.
A Strong Project Pipeline in Egypt
Egypt currently has 21 green energy projects in the pipeline with the country eager to leverage its strategic position at the crossroads of Africa, Europe and Asia to become a global energy hub. Major developments include the signing of an agreement between renewable power producer Scatec and the Egyptian government for the development of a 3 mtpa green ammonia facility; a 4 GW electrolyzer plant at the Suez Canal Economic Zone (SCZONE) developed by Masdar and Hassan Allam Holding Group; a 3.6 GW electrolyzer project developed by Globeleq; the 400,000 tons per annum (tpa) ACME green ammonia project; the 300,000 tpa Fortescue-Egypt-gH2 project; and the 200,000 tpa SCZONE-ReNew Power project.
Morocco Drives Ambitious Green Agenda
Morocco has a series of large-scale green hydrogen developments on the agenda in close collaboration with international companies. The largest is the 900,000 tpa Amun project, developed by CWP Global and engineering, construction and project management company Bechtel. Additionally, independent power producer (IPP) Total Eren is developing a 710,000 tpa green hydrogen project, the Guelmim-Oued Nour project while other projects in the pipeline include the 31,000 tpa Hevo Ammonia Morocco project; the 8,400 tpa Masen Green Hydrogen project; and the 125 tpa Ben Guerir project.
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Djibouti Enters Green Hydrogen Race
Djibouti has also entered the green hydrogen race with plans underway for the construction of a 10 GW green hydrogen hub by CWP Global. IPP Fortescue Future has also signed a partnership with the government to conduct studies on green hydrogen feasibility at two sites in the country: Goubet and Obock.